Appendix I: Dictionary entries connected to "passion"
(in the following, long syllables will be underlined ( e ), whereas short syllables will be unmarked. The "schwa" phoneme will be circumscribed by " è ")
pas·sion n. 1. A powerful emotion, such as love, joy, hatred, or anger. 2.a. Ardent love. b. Strong sexual desire; lust. c. The object of such love or desire. 3.a. Boundless enthusiasm: His skills as a player don't quite match his passion for the game. b. The object of such enthusiasm: soccer is her passion. 4. An abandoned display of emotion, especially of anger: He's been known to fly into a passion without warning. 5. Passion.a. The sufferings of Jesus in the period following the Last Supper and including the Crucifixion. b. A narrative, musical setting, or pictorial representation of Jesus's sufferings. 6. Archaic. Martyrdom. 7. Archaic. Passivity. [Middle English, from Old French, from Medieval Latin passio, passion-, sufferings of Jesus or a martyr, from Late Latin, physical suffering, martyrdom, sinful desire, from Latin, an undergoing, from passus, past participle of pati, to suffer. See pe(i)- below.]
SYNONYMS: passion, fervor, fire, zeal, ardor. These nouns all denote powerful, intense emotion. Passion is a deep, overwhelming emotion: "an ardent, generous, perhaps an immoderate passion for fame" (Edmund Burke). "There is not a passion so strongly rooted in the human heart as envy" (Richard Brinsley Sheridan). The term may signify sexual desire but can also refer to anger: "He flew into a violent passion and abused me mercilessly" (H.G. Wells). Fervor is great warmth and intensity of feeling: "The union of the mathematician with the poet, fervor with measure, passion with correctness, this surely is the ideal" (William James). Fire is burning passion: "In our youth our hearts were touched with fire" (Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.). Zeal is strong, enthusiastic devotion to a cause, an ideal, or a goal and tireless diligence in its furtherance: "his fervent zeal for the interests of the state" (Macaulay). "We are sometimes stirred by emotion and take it for zeal" (Thomas à Kempis). Ardor is fiery intensity of feeling: "the furious ardor of my zeal repressed" (Charles Churchill). See also Synonyms at feeling.
pa·tient adj. 1. Bearing or enduring pain, difficulty, provocation, or annoyance with calmness. 2. Marked by or exhibiting calm endurance of pain, difficulty, provocation, or annoyance. 3. Tolerant; understanding: an unfailingly patient leader and guide. 4. Persevering; constant: With patient industry, she revived the failing business and made it thrive. 5. Capable of calmly awaiting an outcome or a result; not hasty or impulsive. 6. Capable of bearing or enduring pain, difficulty, provocation, or annoyance: "My uncle Toby was a man patient of injuries" (Laurence Sterne). --pa·tient n. 1. One who receives medical attention, care, or treatment. 2. Archaic. One who suffers. [Middle English pacient, from Old French, from Latin patiens, patient-, present participle of pati, to endure. See pe(i)- below.] --pa'tient·ly adv.
pe(i)-. Important derivatives are: fiend, passion, passive, patient, compassion.
pe(i)-. Also pe-, pi-. To hurt. Contracted from *peè(i)-. 1. Suffixed (participial) form *pi-ont- (< *piè-ont-). FIEND, from Old English feond, fiond, enemy, devil, from Germanic *fijand-, hating, hostile. 2. Possibly *pe- in suffixed zero-grade *pè-to-. PASSIBLE, PASSION, PASSIVE, PATIENT; COMPASSION, from Latin pati, to suffer. [Pokorny pe(i)- 792.]
(source: American Heritage Dictionary, Third Edition, 1997)